The Demography of a Learned Society
The Académie des Sciences (Institut de France), 1666-2030
This article begins with a summary of the main mechanisms at work in a stationary population. We then provide a brief overview of the history of the Académie des Sciences between 1666 and 2001 and a reconstruction of the evolution of its population (1,039 members over this period). After some comparisons with other academies, we conclude with the results of 30-year projections based on different hypotheses for changes in entry and exit rules — in particular the changes resulting from the amendments to the statutes adopted in 2002.