Foreigners, Immigrants and Children of Immigrants. Historical and Sociological Aspects of Integration and Employment

Judged on their Paperwork

The Processing of Migrant Applications for Residence and Work Permits in France (1917-1984)

Anne-Sophie Bruno  By the same author

      Philippe Rygiel  By the same author

      Alexis Spire  By the same author

      Claire Zalc  By the same author

Resume

AbstractThousands of foreign migrants have one or more personal files stored in French archives, providing a historical record of the administrative control of residence and employment of non-national workers from World War I up to the present day. The article explores this material via four different areas of investigation and identifies the many agents and institutions taking part in the implementation of immigration policy. It also illustrates the room for manœuvre left to migrants themselves, as captured by their administrative trajectories and by the range of declarative strategies deployed to obtain residence and work permits. This choice of scale sheds new light on the everyday management of migrants in twentieth-century France and on the social effects of this management.

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