Migration between Africa and Europe (MAFE): Looking beyond Immigration to Understand International Migration

Cris Beauchemin  By the same author


The fact that immigration is just one component of international migration might appear self-evident. Demographers know well that migration flows operate in more than one direction, and that they are reversible. Indeed, this is what makes the study of migration so complex. Yet the most commonly available data are those produced in destination countries, so research tends to focus on immigration rather (…)